It results … “The political decision-making process is so irrational that a completely rational approach to health policy-making can hardly be achieved.” Support, debunk or provide alternative paradigms or approaches to this statement, focusing on the development of a particular policy area you are familiar with, and using analytic tools and frameworks in health policy analysis. Political models embrace those theories that characterize decision-making as a bargaining process. Keywords: Business Ethics, Decision Making Model, Group Decision Making, Individual Decision Making, Strategic Management I. Structural and Decision-Making Models: A Political Example HARRY IZMIRLIAN, JR. Syracuse University In this paper decision and structural models are distinguished on conceptual and empirical grounds. As a result, DBT and the Dutch Rathenau Institute (then NOTA) started to experiment with methods to involve experts, stakeholders, and citizens in TA. Each coalition ‘entitled’ The paper is organized as follows. Political decision making reflects distributional conflicts, with the electoral process, perhaps giving the median voter a key role, and special interest groups may lobby for their preferred tax policy. 2, a model of coalition formation, and a procedure for consensus reaching within a coalition is presented. 2005), a new consensus model of political decision-making is constructed. consensus model (Carlsson et al. Analysis focuses on the distribution of power and influence in organizations and on the bargaining and negotiation between interest groups. Poliheuristic theory focuses on the why and how of decision-making. The Political Model for Decision Making - Conflicting goals (Pluralistic) - Condition of Uncertainty / Ambiguity - Inconsistent viewpoints / ambiguous information - bargaining and discussion among coalition members. in which decision-making actually takes place in the organisation is understood. The writer explains how applying the decision model allows an organization to assess the impact of the change on employees and develop a plan for implementation that takes into account the needs of employees. INTRODUCTION Decision making is an intellectual process of selecting optimal and best option among many alternative choices. Effective, clearly defined decision models can drive efficiency and accountability while empowering individuals to make the right decisions at the right time (McDowell). The present chapter examines the political perspective on strategic decision making in organizations. At one level of analysis the two models discharge different functions and apply to distinct logical universes. In Sect. 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