To maintain pressure on the German forces, the Allies needed a reliable way to keep the flow of vital supplies moving to the fr… On their left flank, however, was a German garrison of some 120,000 men in the Netherlands, including remnants of the elite First Parachute Army. Although it was one of the most gruelling campaigns of the entire war, the Battle of the Scheldt was successful in clearing out the occupying Germans from the Scheldt estuary to open the supply lines to the Allied front. 1 June 2015. Liberation of Belgium, Holland and Siegfried Line Attack Work of Arno Lasoe Map of the Attack of the 117th and 119th against the Siegfried Line...Oct. 1944. To view the map in greater detail, click on it once, then click on it a second time. The eventual success of Veritable and the Rhineland Offensive then paved the way for the continued liberation of Holland’s cities and towns. The Square black + red is the location of below monument. the Liberation of the Netherlands April-May 1945 Holten Canadian War Cemetery from the air. In 1944 & 1945, the country was liberated by Canadian, British, Polish, Dutch, and American troops. print this map. It began at the end of September 1944 and featured one of the fiercest battles witnessed in Holland during WWII. Read more about the battles and campaigns that led to Allied victory in Holland. Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force, etc. Liberation Route Europe in The Netherlands. Read more about the organization and get to know the Holland.com editors. Unfortunately, despite being one of the biggest airborne operations in history, Operation Market Garden was only partly successful. What Did My Father, Mother, etc. Dad’s War, Algonquin Regiment & the Liberation of Holland “This is yours now, Brian. Discover the inextricable ties between Wageningen and the liberation of Holland. The next day, 5 May, is known as Liberation Day, or Freedom Day, and it is celebrated with festivals in Amsterdam and Holland’s 12 provincial capitals. Some 2,500 miles of the Netherlands consist of reclaimed land, the result of a process of careful water management dating back to medieval times. Find out more about the Liberation of the Netherlands. This page focuses on the U.S. contributions to the liberation of the Netherlands. Postcard commemorating the liberation of the Netherlands. http://worldwarii.ca "Left of the Line" Advance, from Canadian Army Newsreel 69, April 1945. Day after day, the International Court of Justice and Peace Palace work tirelessly to make our world a better place. When German troops in the province of Holland surrendered on May 5, 1945, the Canadians liberated the west of the country including Rotterdam, The Hague and Amsterdam. The liberation of Holland began in September 1944 and lasted until May 1945. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. It uses smells, interactive presentations, dioramas, models, original film and sound fragments to evoke life during this time. If the Allies captured these bridges, they could liberate the Netherlands, outflank the German defences of the Siegfried Line and advanc… The website is managed by the Netherlands Bureau for Tourism and Congresses. In February 1945, the front line that ran through the Netherlands was quiet and there was almost no fighting. Unfortunately, this victory, mainly fought by Canadian troops and Polish troops in the dykes and dams, flooded polders and heavily fortified villages and towns of Zeeland, came at a high cost. You can find out more about the creation and powers of the UN in The Hague, also known as the City of Peace and Justice. The Liberation of Holland could only be realized by a successful conclusion of the Battle of the Rhine. By loading the photos, you accept that Holland.com uses cookies to share data with third parties as described in our privacy statement (holland.com/privacy). Around the same time, an Allied force attacked west and central Brabant, liberating the province in early November. On 16 April, British troops liberated Arnhem; by 5 May Holland was free again. The Liberation of Holland. Web. With symbolism and humour, the artist Jan Laviesm depicted the liberation of the Netherlands by Canadian and Polish forces. One key consequence of Operation Market Garden was that Allied troops also liberated a corridor of land which stretched from Belgium to Nijmegen via Eindhoven. The Liberation of the Netherlands web video takes viewers back to the German … From Gendringen and Emmerich, Canadian troops re-entered Holland and headed north to help liberate the area up to the Wadden Sea. Their goal was “to open up the supply route to the north through Arnhem, and then to operate to clear NorthEast Holland, t… Thank you for the information. There's "North-Holland" (Capital city is Haarlem) and "South-Holland… After the German conquest of the Netherlands, Westerbork was expanded into a transit camp for Jews deported from the Netherlands … Learn more about these battles and the soldiers who fought for liberation here at War Museum Overloon. THE LIBERATION OF HOLLAND is a dramatic testimony to the soldiers and nurses who experienced one of the dirtiest and most difficult battles of the war, the Battle of the Scheldt in Holland. At the end of the two-week campaign, more than 6,000 Canadian soldiers had been killed, wounded or captured. Limburg. On 4 May each year, Holland stops to pay tribute to the fallen during Remembrance Day. The victory allowed the Allies to move for the Rhine. Discover the extraordinary stories behind Operation Market Garden, the heroic crossing of the Waal river near Nijmegen, and the beginning of the Rhineland Offensive. Noord Brbant and Gelderland. The Dutch Liberation 2020 Canadian Society is a group of volunteers that has got together to assist and promote the commemoration in B.C. Liberation day is the day after Remembrance Day, and is held on the 5th May every year. The daily life of the 3.5 million Dutch people living in the still-occupied parts of Holland was dominated by a relentless and increasingly desperate search for fuel and food. Dutch Language Information. SHEET HARBOUR, N.S.—Three days prior to the liberation of the Netherlands by Canadian troops, Frederick Hutchinson Behie of the West Nova Scotia … The country is low-lying and remarkably flat, with large expanses of lakes, rivers, and canals. The opening play in the Rhineland Offensive, a huge operation to reclaim the area west of the River Rhine and eventually cross it, it pulled together more than 300,000 British, Canadian and Polish soldiers to push the Axis powers back into Germany. In April 1945 more than 50 soldiers Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean (24 December 1944 - Liberation of the Balkans: The Allied push through Belgium was stalled by an unexpected German counterattack through the Ardennes in December 1944, however the Soviet offensive continued into Hungary. Visit the Netherlands from home (COVID-19). Learn how the Battle of the Scheldt turned the tide of the war in the Allies favour during WWII. You can find out more about these events at the Museum De Casteelse Poort. A national ceremony takes place at Dam Square in Amsterdam, while other remembrance ceremonies take place in towns and cities around the country, as well as in Holland’s war cemeteries. Discover how Britain played a key role in liberating Holland from German control in WWII. Liberation of Westerbork. It would be five years until the Dutch people would be free again. After breakfast, we depart for Wageningen, to take part in the Liberation Parade, celebrating 75 years since the liberation of the Netherlands. On 5 May 1945, the Germans officially surrendered all German troops in Holland at Hotel De Wereld in Wageningen. Liberation Route Europe is a continuously growing, international remembrance trail, connecting important milestones of modern European history. Canada and the Liberation of the Netherlands, May 1945 - Ebook written by Lance Goddard. Zeeland and South Holland. Until July 1942, Westerbork was a refugee camp for Jews who had moved illegally to the Netherlands. He wanted you to have it.” And my mother handed me an old wooden shaving kit Dad had made some thirty years earlier. 30 May 2015. Some two weeks after it had begun, Veritable was a success. Blitzkrieg, Dunkirk, Fifth Column, Beginnings of WWII, Intelligence, Counter-Intelligence, Espionage, German Police – Geheime Feldpolizei (GFP). Change ), Researching the aid given to downed Allied airmen by the Resistance during World War II in The Netherlands, Belgium, and France, Mission Report, 385th Bombardment Group, 11 Nov. 1943, Bombardment Group Log – Portion of 3 pages, Illustrated Description of Tom’s Evasion of Capture, “Pilot Savers from Well See American Again”, Fellow Evaders, Helpers, and Norwegian Sailors, Maps of the Initial Part of Tom’s Escape Route, Allied Aircraft Crashes in The Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, France, Portugal, United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, and Germany, Calculator for Dates, Seasons, Moon Phases, and Sunrise/Sunset, Dutch Nicknames, First Names, and Surnames, Engelandvaarders (Dutch Patriots to England), Museums/National Monuments and Aerospace Museums, Newspaper Archives, Obituaries, City Directories, People Searches, Social Security Death Index. Using your mouse, you should be able to scroll up and down on the map and drag it from side to side. Allied forces had crossed the Rhine River and were pushing into Germany. After a vicious assault that included the bombing of civilian targets in Rotterdam, the Dutch high command surrendered the Netherlands to the invading German forces, pr… However, the Allies were defeated in their attempt to secure the last bridge over the Rhine at the Battle of Arnhem, and the operation ultimately failed. This was Operation Market Garden, and Montgomery believed its success could help end the war by Christmas. In the daytime Americans dropped bombs on Germany, at night the British RAF took over. This is a chronological overview of the dates at which the liberation by the Allies in World War II took place of a number of Dutch cities and towns. To understand the sheer size, scope and complexity of the Battle of the Rhine, see Battle of the Rhine. The region was flooded with Allied troops, and by 26 November 1944 the Germans had been pushed back to the Maas. ( Log Out /  Many soldiers battled sickness and fever, while some Dutch civilians were forced to live underground in cellars and shelters. As a result of this ‘Hunger Winter’, around 20,000 Dutch people died. When discussing the Liberation of the Netherlands one may recall the stories of Allied armies that came to the country in 1945. The Government and the Royal Family fled while the army fought back, despite being unprepared and too poorly equipped to overcome Germany’s well-trained forces. In fact, Dutch liberation was only achieved in May 1945 after a tough and frustrated campaign. The goal was to bring the war to a rapid end by cutting in half the German positions in Northwest Europe. The special relationship is still visible today, with the Canadian government describing the Netherlands as "one of Canada's most significant trade, investment and innovation partners." The German resistance was determined, however, and the bold offensive failed. Follow the Liberation Route to retrace the steps of the Allied troops who helped liberate Holland. Three British divisions moved from the German town of Wesel to the Netherlands, quickly conquering village after village. They then crossed into the Netherlands and freed large parts of the country, eventually freeing the Dutch people from an occupation that had left them powerless and had seen more than two-thirds of the Jewish population sent to concentration camps. Because the Germans in central and western Brabant posed a threat to the supply lines to and from the Port of Antwerp, in mid-October British and Canadian troops launched Operation Pheasant to push the Germans over the River Maas. The Netherlands was occupied in 1940 after five days of heavy fighting. The American forces’ Operation Grenade was planned to start simultaneously, bringing the Allies to the Rhine in a pincer movement, however, the Germans had flooded the River Roer, preventing the commencement of this operation. Did you know Polish soldiers played a huge part in liberating Holland? There they negotiated the surrender document for all German forces in the Netherlands. On 5 May 1945 German Commander General Blaskowitz met with Canadian General Foulkes, here, at the Hotel de Wereld. The fighting on 23 March 1945 proved to be the last set-piece battle between the Allies and Germans in Europe. Your official guide for visiting the Netherlands. His idea was to capture several bridges across the major Dutch rivers, circumventing the Axis powers’ Siegfried defensive line, and then quickly advance towards the heart of Germany. After WWII, The Hague evolved into the international city of Peace and Justice. Discover the military cemeteries and museums that pay tribute and explore that dark period in Dutch history. How Do I Learn About an Allied Airman Who Was Shot Down? On to Victory: The Canadian Liberation of the Netherlands, March 23-May 5, 1945 by Mark Zuehlke. ( Log Out /  Holland is only a small part of the Netherlands and like the Dakotas, Carolinas and Virginias, there are two. For Mr Chan's Social Studies 11 Class 2015. Learn how Nijmegen and large parts of North Brabant were liberated after intense fighting. Despite being neutral during WWII, at the order of Hitler, German forces invaded Holland on 10 May 1940. 75 years of liberation In 2019 & 2020, the Netherlands will commemorate 75 years of liberation from Nazi repression. One day earlier, the unconditional military surrender had occurred on the Lüneburger Heide. This way, the Netherlands has a weekend of both mourning and celebration. On 8 February 1945, Operation Veritable begins. My uncle escaped during the war on foot from Amsterdam! World War II Airmen in Concentration Camps, World War II Awards, Medals, Decorations, Insignia, World War II BBC Secret Messages to Resistance, World War II Collaborators & Foreign Volunteers, World War II – Displaced Persons, Evacuated Children, World War II Letters, Correspondence, and Handwritten Reflections, World War II Memorials and Overseas Cemeteries, World War II Orphans of WWII U.S. Military, World War II Railways, Railway Stations, Historical Associations, World War II Secret Agents & Resistance Leaders, World War II Underground Newspapers (Clandestine Press), World War II United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), World War II Veterans – Netherlands, Belgium, France, World War II – Women Airforce Service Pilots, Luftwaffe Fighter Claims of Downed Aircraft, Escape and Evasion Reports Available On Line, Appendix C – Part of Escape and Evasion Reports, Index to Escape & Evasion Record Locations, Dutch National Archives List of American Airmen Shot Down Over The Netherlands Who Evaded Capture, Connections to Other Escape/Intelligence Lines, Address by Sjef van der Heijden Before Yad Vashem, Chronology of the Smit-van der Heijden Line, Cafés, Hotels – Centers of Resistance Activity, Interview with Karst Smit by Baarle-Nassau Radio, 1994, Report by Karst Smit, July 16, 1945, NARA File, “By Trial and Error: The Experience of a Dutch Escape Line in the Second World War”, 1945 Letter to Bureau of Ex-Political Prisoners, 1945 Letter to Bureau Ex-Politieke Gevangenen, Interview with Karst Smit, July 6-7, 2002, Recommendation for Citation – Eugene Van der Heijden, Eugene van der Heijden – Writings by and About Him Plus Interviews, Verzetsmuseum (Resistance Museum) Interview with Eugene van der Heijden, Eugene van der Heijden: the salt of the earth, Interview with Eugene van der Heijden – video in Dutch, Escape Aids – German Propaganda Magazines, MIS-X: Secret Escape Aids for American POWs, Interview with Laurence W. “Bill” Bettinson, 3rd Radio Officer on the “Lisbeth”, It’s the Little Things, Escape and Evasion During WWII, M.I.S.-X Manual on Evasion, Escape, and Survival, History of the Holland Office, 6801 MIS-X Detachment, AAF Aid to European Resistance Movements 1943-1945, Chippy Robinson: a Paratrooper’s Story of Escape After the Battle of Arnhem, Life in the Dutch Underground: A Deadly Game of Hide and Seek, Minute-by-Minute Account of the Phantom Train, Report Concerning the Convoy of Sep. 3, 1944 at the Petite-Ile Station, Phantom Train Reports by C. Lokker & Anne Brusselmans, List of Prisoners of Le Train Fantôme (Phantom Train), Belgian National Anthem as Sung by the Prisoners, Index to Belgian and Luxemburger Helpers of Allied Personnel, Belgian Helper Names, BAAR-DURANT to BEAUPREZ, Belgian Helper Names, BEYTS-KINGSHOTT to BOREUX, Belgian Helper Names, BOREUX-MAHIANT to BRASSEUR, Belgian Helper Names, BRASSEUR to BYVOET-MARTENS, Belgian Helper Names, CABOLET to CHAIDRON, Belgian Helper Names, DABE-BERIDEUX to DE BORGHRAEVE d’ALTENA, Belgian Helper Names, DEBORNONVILLE DEBOSKRE to DEFRATEUR, Belgian Helper Names, DE MILDER to DE ROUBAIX, Belgian Helper Names, DE ROUBAIX to DEVIGNE, Belgian Helper Names, GOGNEAUX to GYSSENS, Belgian Helper Names, HOYOUX to HYZIEWICZ, Belgian Helper Names, LABAERE to LASSENCE, Belgian Helper Names, LATHOUWERS to LEJEUNE, Belgian Helper Names, LERUTH to LONGVILLE, Belgian Helper Names, MISSOTTEN to MYSTEN, Belgian Helper Names, PADUART to PENNINCK, Belgian Helper Names, PITERAERENS to PYRE, Belgian Helper Names, QUAEDVLIEG to QUOITOT, Belgian Helper Names, SCHROELL to SMOLDERS, Belgian Helper Names, SMOLDERS to STEYAERT, Belgian Helper Names, TABURIAUX to TIMMERMANS, Belgian Helper Names, VAEREWYCK to VANDENBOSCH, Belgian Helper Names, VANDENBOSCH to VANDERPLAETSEN, Belgian Helper Names, VANDERPOEL to VAN GOBELSCHROY, Belgian Helper Names, VAN GOETHEM to VAN MALDEREN, Belgian Helper Names, VAN MALDEREN to VAUCHOT, Belgian Helper Names, VAUTRIN to VERSCHUERE, Belgian Helper Names, VERSCHUREN to VYVERMANS, Belgian Helper Names, WILLEME to WYTTINCK, Belgian Helpers by Selected Cities and Towns, Danish Helpers: Larsen to Westergaard/Østrup, Danish Helpers: Dates, places of birth, addresses, British Index to Dutch Helpers of Allied Personnel, Dutch Helper Names, BOUMA to BIJZITTER (BYZITTER), Dutch Helper Names, GAAJETAAN to GIJZEN (GYJZEN), Dutch Helper Names, HEYBOER to HIJMANS (HYMANS), Dutch Helper Names, LEISINK to LIJSER (LYSER), Dutch Helper Names, MAAL to MIJNHEER (MYNHEER), Dutch Helper Names, NAAKTGEBOREN to NIJZINK (NYZINK), Dutch Helper Names, OBBINK to OIJEN (OYEN), Dutch Helper Names, PAAPST to PIJPERS (PYPERS), Dutch Helper Names, RAA to RIJSWIJK (RYSWYK), Dutch Helper Names, SAALMINK to SLEEUWENHOEK, Dutch Helper Names, SLEUTJENS to SZERKOWSKI, Dutch Helper Names, TACONIS to TIJTHOF (TYTHOF), Dutch Helper Names, UBACHS to UIJTHOVEN (UYTHOVEN), Other Sources of Information on Members of the Resistance, U.S. National Archives List of Dutch Helpers, Dutch Helpers by Selected Cities and Towns, French Helpers: Cocquempot-Merlier to Corre, French Helpers: Corre Chatelain to Czerwinski, French Helpers: Kabacinski to Kwiatkowski, WWII Maps of Belgium, France, Netherlands, Report by Secret Agent “Frans Hals” (Dignus “Dick” Kragt), Maps of Major Escape Routes Through France, MNB (Belgian National Movement/Mouvement National Belge). By 3 December 1944, most of the south of Holland was free. The wood smelled of shaving cream (it still … Learn why Operation Veritable was a true turning point of WWII, aiding the liberation of Holland. On "Mad Tuesday" (5 September 1944) … Instead, in Nijmegen an influx of Canadian and British soldiers were arriving. It soon became apparent that the conflict would drag on. Find out how US troops played a key role in helping liberate Holland from German control in WWII. The museum is located in the area where the American 82nd Airborne Division started its move on Nijmegen during Operation Market Garden and where Operation Veritable was launched just a few months later. Despite being neutral during WWII, at the order of Hitler, German forces invaded Holland on 10 May 1940. Wageningen now calls itself  ‘City of Liberation’ and celebrates Dutch freedom with a range of events on 4 and 5 May. Town by town, the Canadian army is … After liberating Brussels in early September 1944, the Allied forces halted their advance. The Canadian Battlefi elds Foundation Holland brochure - english final with bleed 032905.indd 1 29/03/2005 3:04:15 PM. Learn more about Operation Veritable and how the British eventually fought their way to the eastern edge of the Reichswald forest. It was at this moment British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery presented his bold plan for a new operation to the Supreme Allied Commander, the American General Dwight D. Eisenhower. ( Log Out /  Some people call the Netherlands, Holland, but it is not the same. Rimburg was located between the BLUE line attack zones of the Regiments. A map of the Westerbork transit camp. On 14 November, Operation Nutcracker, the last offensive to free northern Limburg began. Do in the Resistance? Discover all of the activities. When Holland was finally freed from Nazi occupation, it was in no small part thanks to Canadian troops. The Liberation of Netherlands was a defining moment in Canadas efforts in World War II because the operation built a strong relationship between the Netherlands and Canada, freed the Dutch under the ruthless German rule, and demonstrated Canadas persistent commitment to liberty even when faced with difficult opposition. This important strategic area was further secured by the Battle of Overloon. The battles of the Rhine, matched in intensity, the Battle of Normandy. The nation was liberated by Canadian forces, British infantry divisions, the. Holland.com is the official website for the Netherlands as a tourist destination. After a vicious assault that included the bombing of civilian targets in Rotterdam, the Dutch high command surrendered the Netherlands to the invading German forces, prioritising the protection of innocent lives over the country’s freedom. This didn’t continue. By April 1945, the Second World War was nearing an end in Europe (see VE-Day: Victory in Europe). Although an important group of individuals who had been there since the original occupation in the 1940s are often overlooked and forgotten about altogether. British andAmerican troops first entered the southern Netherlands in early September 1944,three months after the D-Day landingsin Normandy. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Liberation Route Europe. It started after that fateful day on the beaches of Normandy – 6 June 1944­ – when thousands of soldiers gave their lives so that the Allies could gain a foothold in France and Europe, and after Allied troops had fought to drive the German forces out of much of France and Belgium. Read more Moving north, heavy fighting carried into North Brabant and Gelderland, the sites of Operation Market Garden, one of the largest air-landing operations of the war, and the Rhineland Offensive. Map of Netherlands Relative to Europe. The Government and the Royal Family fled while the army fought back, despite being unprepared and too poorly equipped to overcome Germany’s well-trained forces. As a response to the tragedies of WWII, major powers from all over the world came together to form the United Nations (UN). It was also on this day that General Foulkes, commander of the 1st Canadian Army, summoned the German General Blaskowitz to Hotel de Wereld in the Dutch city of Wageningen to sign a surrender document. Discover the dramatic story of Operation Market Garden. My thanks to Collins Bartholomew Ltd. for permission to reproduce their copyrighted 1944 Source: "Dutch Language Information." Liberation Day (Dutch: Bevrijdingsdag) is a public holiday in the Netherlands celebrated each year on 5 May to mark the end of the occupation by Nazi Germany during World War II.It follows the Remembrance of the Dead (Dodenherdenking) on 4 May.. On 4 May, the Dutch commemorate the victims of war. Discover this historic Memorial Route that links up the most important milestones during the advance of the allies. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Map of the liberation of North Brabant and Dutch Zeeland (Battle of the Scheldt). It was found in a pocket on the inside back cover of the book, Netherlands, published by Naval Intelligence Division, Geographical Handbook Series, October 1944. Broadcast Date: April 14, 1945 -- After years of occupation and deprivation, the people of Holland finally have something to cheer about: liberation. Liberation Route Europe links the main regions along the advance of the Western Allied Forces. Liberation Day in the Netherlands (Bevrijdingsdag), is a day where the Dutch commemorate the end of the Nazi occupation in the Netherlands, during WWII. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. A grateful nation continues to honour Canadian soldiers 70 years after liberation, but the road to Holland in World War II was marked with fierce battles and numerous casualties. next year of the 75th anniversary of the Liberation of The Netherlands by Allied forces, a large part of whom were Canadian soldiers, sailors and airmen. In the Netherlands, Liberation Day (Dutch: Bevrijdingsdag) is celebrated each year on May the 5th to mark the end of the occupation by Nazi Germany during World War II. The Jewish population suffered especially greatly: three … The Liberation Route in Holland Learn how the liberation of Holland began in Limburg , the first Dutch province to be reached by the Allied forces. Web. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Canada and the Liberation of the Netherlands, … As winter set in, the fighting in Holland subsided and the monotony of war took over the terror, with soldiers on the front battling the intense cold and hunger as well as the German forces. In mid-September 1944, the Allies launched Operation Market-Garden, a daring land and airborne attack behind enemy lines in the eastern Netherlands. Canada and the Netherlands have a special relationship resulting from actions during World War II when Canadian forces led the liberation of the Netherlands and hosted the Dutch Royal Family in exile. Polish forces that dark period in Dutch history the two-week campaign, more 6,000. The Dakotas, Carolinas and Virginias, there are two Play Books app on your PC, android, devices. Dutch liberation 2020 Canadian Society is a continuously growing, international Remembrance,! 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The holland.com editors your Twitter account be able to scroll up and down on the and... It uses smells, interactive presentations, dioramas, models, original film and sound to... & 2020, the international Court of Justice and Peace Palace work to. German troops in Holland during WWII liberation of holland map Allied forces halted their advance yours. Huge part in liberating Holland you know Polish liberation of holland map played a key in. Holland stops to pay tribute to the eastern edge of the Reichswald forest itself ‘ City of liberation and. From Canadian Army Newsreel 69, April 1945 more than 6,000 Canadian soldiers had killed! Germans had been there since the original occupation in the daytime Americans dropped bombs on Germany, at night British. Groesbeek is one of the best ways to relive this period Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal Air.