1) Currently the United Kingdom is divided into 650 constituencies, with 533 in England, 40 in Wales, 59 in Scotland, and 18 in Northern Ireland. 2) The term "Member of Parliament" is normally used only to refer to Members of the House of Commons, even though the House of Lords is also a part of Parliament. Others include Bishops of the Church of England. medianet_width = "300"; This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. What types of ‘peers’ are there in the UK parliament’s House of Lords? The result of this is that all of government must resign and parliament is dissolved. House of Commons more effective in scrutiny . Perhaps this explains why the processes of reforms over the years has been a very difficult issue tackling. Because it is not elected, it does not have the same powers as the Commons, but it retains the right to … It also looks at the large amount of secondary legislation which Government Departments issue, only a small proportion of which the Commons has time to investigate. In the UK all legislation has to be approved by the Commons who have the final say on all Bills. The House of Lords is the upper house of Parliament (the Commons is the lower house) in the UK’s bicameral system. The House gave leave to appeal against the decision of the Court of Appeal. The first peacetime coalition since 1945 between the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats marked out 2010-15 as an unusual period of Parliamentary relations with the government. There can be adjustments made on the number of MPs. They are cookies explicitly used to collect user personal data via analytics, ads and other embedded contents. Each function plays a vital role, which all interconnect with each other. However… the House of Lords is restricted by the Parliament Acts and amendments can often be overturned. 3 detailed essay plans including argument points, evidence to support, analysis and counter arguments. 3. There are limits, in any case, to what the House of Lords can do to defeat Government proposals because of the Parliament Acts and the Salisbury Conventionb… My Lords, I do not have that information to hand, but I can say that we intend to evaluate the effectiveness of HIPs by updating the 2007 HIP Baseline Research report. Lords debate is less time limited than the Commons. So there is an opportunity of more detailed discussion of many issues. ...the roles of the House of Commons, House of Lords and the monarch in the formal process of the statue law creation The House of Commons are the elected members of parliament. Over half the time in the Lords is devoted to examining in detail legislation sent to it by the Commons. The House of Lords’ political function involves questioning the Government on its activity on any matter, analysing and improving laws on matters discussed, providing independent expertise on technical matters. Does the House of Lords scrutinise effectively? - A fully elected House of Lords, this is the most popular suggestion of reform. What are the strengths and weaknesses of UK parliament select committees? Discuss In theory the House of Commons is the dominant chamber as it is elected while the House of Lords plays more of a revising role, issues to be considered include the powers of each chambers, the fact the House of Lords is more independently minded and the impact of the whips. 2 of 12 Calling the government to account (positive) These do not mirror Government Departments, as in the Commons, but are set up to look at particular issues such as The Arctic and The Media. The Constitution Act of 1867... ...Should FPTP continue to be used for elections to the House of Commons? You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Okay the first thing to note is the format of the question: "How effective" automatically means that this question requires evaluation for top marks - i.e. Most Members also claim between £100,000 and £150,000 for various office expenses (staff costs, postage, travelling, etc.) These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. In 2010 just one independent was voted into power. Not surprisingly, Phil Cowley showed that backbench dissent … Don't use plagiarized sources. Debate focuses on the merits of a proposal rather than on party political arguments. The two ideas of checking and scrutiny are not the same though they do overlap. There are 650 members of parliament for each constituency. This is effectively giving the consent of the people to those laws that they are expected to obey. Timeline formation. Research by the ERS in mid-2015 showed that over a third of Lords (34%) previously worked in politics, compared to just 1% who come from manual backgrounds. The powers of the House of Lords where then restrained further in 1911 due to the Parliament Act, which meant that the House of Lords could no longer, block a bill but only delay it for two years, later to be reduced to one year. 2. They're used to remember any preferences that you set to give you a better experience when you return. But if we take parliament to be a collaborative set of processes in which both houses are involved it seems inappropriate to consider one house separate from the other. The House of Lords will check the Government if it stops the Government from doing things because it does not agree with them. The House of Lords is, of course, aware that, unlike the Commons, it has not been elected and so it should not frustrate the will of the electorate. Are its policies in domestic and foreign affairs working? ...Compare and contrast the differences of the House of Lords and the House of Commons House of Lords, the upper chamber of Great Britain’s bicameral legislature.Originated in the 11th century, when the Anglo-Saxon kings consulted witans (councils) composed of religious leaders and the monarch’s ministers, it emerged as a distinct element of Parliament in the 13th and 14th centuries. Does the UK parliament limit executive power? The parliament has the main say in laws. Opponents claim this would give too much power to the House of Commons and reduce the level of accountability. Most democratic countries around the world today can fall under two main types of political systems: the parliamentary system and the presidential system. There are limits, in any case, to what the House of Lords can do to defeat Government proposals because of the Parliament Acts and the Salisbury Convention but the Lords can scrutinise legislation and Government policy. When the two houses disagree on a non-money bill, the parliament Act can be invoked to ensure that the will of the elected chamber prevails. Is it assessing alternative policies? The Lords’ 2015 decision to delay the Government’s tax credit reforms also resulted in the postponement of the cuts. In those areas that are whipped the main task of scrutiny falls to the Opposition who will question the Government’s legislation and financial and public expenditure proposals. The House of Lords can be viewed as a ‘revising chamber’. *****FIND MORE POLITICS A-LEVEL ESSAY PLANS ON MY PROFILE. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Composition The Government often amends legislation as it goes through the Commons with little time for MPs to look at these but the House of Lords can. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. They are elected by the citizens so that they represent there views. The House of Lords can make a valuable contribution to achieving these high standards by using its particular strengths: the expertise and experience of its Members, its less partisan character, and the time that its Members, without constituencies to attend to, can devote to probing the detail of policy using the House's less constrained procedures. The legislative process. The House of Commons are the people who will know what the people want and as they are given bills to debate they will vote for or against the bill relating to what they think will benefit the people of society. Over the years, there has been a lot of problem over the very fact that the house of lords are not elected and are relatively independent of party and contains members with particular skills, expertise and interest in this kind of activities which in turn has created tensions between the commons which is a legitimate elected body, regarding their function, performances and their composition. It remains hard to reach a consensus on what to do about the House of Lords. The same problems of party voting occur with financial issues – taxation and public expenditure. This can rarely be detailed though and may be more concerned with exposing Government weaknesses than the merits of what is being discussed. The Lords has felt more confident since the removal of most of the hereditary peers. Questions are asked to Ministers as in the Commons. The annual salary of each Member is currently £63,291. Plan made, and used, by myself - particularly useful for those aiming for the highest grades. The life peerages act of 1958 then replaced the hereditary peers which gave the prime minister the right to appoint members of the upper house for life depending on if they have achieved something great within their life, or excel in the line of business that they are in such as sport, business, charity. Modern Lords are appointed by the PM. The timing of the dissolution is normally chosen by the prime minister , however, a parliamentary term may not last for more than five years. In carrying out its work of scrutiny the House of Lords has a number of other advantages:-, The House of Lords has played a role in scrutiny:-. http://stvaction.org.uk/house_of_lords_reform Effectiveness of parliaments in holding government to account. Votes on legislation at all stages are whipped. Evaluate the view that although the House of Lords has less power than the House of Commons, in practice it exerts more influence on government decisions (this is hard, doesn't seem very likely, would be good if they exerted a solid amount of power, well established individuals, valuable expertise, commissions appointment) But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Evaluate the effectiveness of the H… The most recent was in 1979 when James Callaghan’s government was defeated in a motion of no confidence. ...The House of Commons King supported the Iraq War and hence, she lost her seat to George Galloway of the Respect Party. Other Opposition 5% The House of Lords, despite some modest progress in recent years, fails to represent the British public in a number of ways. Lords reform transition from the first to the House of Lords a rather! 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