« Previous Plant | Next Plant » Print this page. Plant these interesting species in groups for maximum effect - they look beautiful when planted in groups or when planted with other species of plants that provide contrast, for example the Hibiscus 'kopper king' or the Veronica 'royal candles'. The cardinal flower's natural range is New Brunswick, Quebec, and Ontario southward to Florida and Texas and across the southern plains and mountain states to California. Brilliant red blooms first mature in late summer and continue into mid-fall. Some varieties also have ornamental reddish-bronze foliage. Lobelia cardinalis, commonly called cardinal flower is a Missouri native perennial which typically grows in moist locations along streams, sloughs, springs, swamps and in low wooded areas. The trumpet-shape flowers (which resemble those of morning glory) begin appearing in midsummer and continue to bloom until the first frost. It is easy to grow and will thrive in either sun or shade. ... Foliage: The lance-shaped, small leaves are hidden under the flowers. Cardinal Flower grows 3-5 ft tall and blooms July to September. Cardinal flower is an herbaceous, native, erect, aquatic perennial plant that is commonly found in wet environments such as stream banks and swamps (Figure 1). Also known as Cardinal Plant, it grows 3-4′ tall in optimum conditions producing several stalks or spikes of bright red flowers. Cardinal Creeper is a beautiful fast growing, evergreen climber with dark green glossy leaves. Water when leaves wilt in dry weather. The red morning glory has small red flowers with long narrow throats that are yellow. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. Remember Cardinal flower prospers in moist soil, but the soil should never be water-logged - waterlogging will most likely cause the leaves to rot. Cardinal climbers have leaves that look like a mashup of the parents’ leaves. Scientific Classification. The Cardinal Flower's dark green leaves can be up to six inches long and 1½ inches wide.. The basal leaves are widest near the middle and have short stalks. Gesneria cardinalis (basionym), Corytholoma cardinale, Dircaea cardinalis, Dircaea lobulata, Gesneria lateritia, Gesneria macrantha, Rechsteineria cardinalis. Blue Cardinal Flower is a tough, hardy perennial with large leaves and gorgeous, light blue blooms. It is interesting that both parts of the scientific name of this plant contain diphthongs, that is the vowel sounds are run together: … An interesting historical account relates that cardinal flower and lobelia, in sites in Nebraska were found in close association to historic Pawnee villages, suggesting the Pawnee introduced and cultivated it. On the other hand when new leaves emerge they are initially a burgundy red but as they mature they become a dark green. The flowers are excellent for cutting. Its pointy leaves remain dark green in color throughout the season. Cardinal Flower is an herbaceous perennial with an upright spreading habit of growth. Water your growing cardinal flowers deeply in the absence of rain. A tea made from the roots has been used in the treatment of epilepsy, syphilis, typhoid, stomach aches, cramps, worms etc. The Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis) is a perennial flower native to most of North America. Upper leaves are more lance-shaped with no leaf stalk. Although it will tolerate drought, bee balm will do much better if it gets adequate moisture; however, protect it from poor drainage, especially in winter. Cardinal flowers reproduce when stems are partially buried. FIRST IMPRESSIONS: Lobelia cardinalis is a clump forming perennial wildflower with toothed lance shaped leaves. Ipomea will grow to 3m and prefers a warm climate with a full sun position, in rich , well drained soil. Cardinal flower is a hybrid of cypress vine (Ipomoea quamoclit) and red morning glory (Ipomoea coccinea) and is sometimes confused with those plants since it shares characteristics of both. The leaves of cardinal climber (L and C) and the more finely divided leaves of cypress vine, Ipomoea quamoclit (R). There are a few types that have bronze edges leaves. Landscape Attributes. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. It is usually unbranched. However, its leaves are distinctly different than the fine, feathery leaves of cypress vine and the heart-shaped leaves of morning glory. Attracts both hummingbirds and butterflies. Description. (Lobelia Cardinal Flower. They are triangular with deep lobes that look like palm leaves. These leaves are resistant to cold and allow the plant to continue to produce and store food. L. fulgens), is a species of flowering plant in the bellflower family Campanulaceae native to the Americas, from southeastern Canada south through the eastern and southwestern United States, Mexico and Central America to northern Colombia. Grows well near wet areas. This is a very showy flower. With its dark green leaves and bright flowers, it really stands out – it is sometimes used as a feature plant in the landscape. It has clusters of round buds that open to stunning trumpet shaped crimson flowers during summer and Autumn. A cardinal flower's overall growth habit is upright, with multiple stems growing in clumps. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Description. Synonyms. The white flowers of this fast growing hosta bloom in late summer, however, hosta's are not known for their flowers. The genus name, Ipomoea, is from the Greek, meaning ‘worm like’. Cardinal Flower is an erect perennial that can grow 2 to 4 feet high. Very eye-catching when planted in a drift in a rain garden or shady garden. Cardinal Flower starts out as a small rosette of leaves, and then shoots up before bursting with color. The stunning "cardinal" red flowers will adorn shorelines, ponds and butterfly gardens. you can buy black cardinal at amazon for only $40.99. The Cypress vine flowers can be red, pink or white. Family: Gesneriaceae Genus: Sinningia. A Cardinal Flower plant with leaves. The erect stems grow from 2 to 4 feet tall and may even reach heights of 6 feet. Its pointy leaves remain dark green in colour throughout the season. The showy flowers begin opening at the bottom of a terminal flower spike and continue to the top. I don’t know of a more beautiful flower to have blooming in the late summer months. See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: L. cardinalis L. erinus L. puberula L. siphilitica L. spicata Cardinal flower (L. cardinalis), named for its showy spikes of scarlet-red flowers, is the most popular perennial variety. Although the cardinal flower is a perennial, meaning it lives more than two years, it is short-lived. The color of the leaves ranges from medium shades of green to really deep ones. The throats of the flowers are the same color as the petals. It likes wetter soil and shady conditions, but it can handl . Lobelia cardinalis, the cardinal flower (syn. The Hosta Guacamole, Hosta 'Guacamole', is a medium sized hosta that has yellowish leaves with a wid green margin and stems producing white colored flowers. Very difficult plant with leaves of dark green on the front and red on the back. Cardinal Flower provides bold color for the late summer to early autumn garden. Soon the circle grows large enough to touch another circle and now the fungal leaf spot looks more like a blotch. Spotted leaves occur when fungal spores in the air find a warm, wet, plant surface to cling to. Hosta's provide bright color in shade with wonderful foliage and Guacamole is no exception. The origin is the emery plant, but hybrids have been obtained that can be used in aquariums. Cardinal Flower features showy spikes of scarlet flowers rising above the foliage from mid summer to early fall. A North American wildflower native to wet areas, cardinal flower can be found growing in marshes, stream banks, and low woods. Can be used with ease and pond planting. The central stem is light green. A number of hybrid cultivars of the Cardinal flower have been produced; the most popular is 'Queen Victoria' with blood-red flowers and bronze foliage. The leaves are alternate with a toothed margin. Lobelia Cardinalis - Common name:Cardinal Flower - Few perennials can produce this brilliant shade of cardinal red. Mulch in the spring. As the name suggests, this twining vine enthusiastically climbs up trellises and arbors. Herb: Cardinal Flower Latin name: Lobelia cardinalis Family: Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family) Medicinal use of Cardinal Flower: Emetic, expectorant and nervine. CARDINAL FLOWER Lobelia cardinalis BELLFLOWER FAMILY (Campanulaceae) Description This perennial, usually single-stemmed plant grows from 1 1/2 to 5 feet tall (C). Let me say this – I love this plant. As soon as that microscopic spore gets comfortable in its new home, sporulation (the fungal method of reproduction) occurs and the tiny brown fungal leaf spot begins to grow. Common names: Cardinal flowers, edging lobelia, puke weed, vomit weed, asthma weed, and Indian tobacco. Great for covering fences, pergolas, water tanks or arbours. CHECK AVAILABILITY. New plants grow where the buried leaves are attached to the stems. Foliage consists of hardy green and bronze-purple leaves. Wildflowers Lobelias: Range map for Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Lobelia Cardinalis is often seen along woodland paths and beside a stream or pond. The Red Cardinal Flower is a perennial that has crimson leaves and spikes with scarlet flowers on 2-3' tall stems. The root is analgesic, anthelmintic, antispasmodic and stomachic. A top performer that is perfect for the late summer garden, Lobelia cardinalis 'Queen Victoria' (Cardinal Flower) is a popular, upright, clump-forming perennial boasting a profusion of flower spikes densely packed with fiery scarlet, two-lipped blossoms from midsummer to early fall. Cardinal flower is found in wet areas, such as springs, swamps, and along springs. A ruby-throated hummingbird feeds from a cardinal flower. They are alternate, toothed, pointed at the ends, and either oblong or lance-shaped. Red Cardinal Flowers are perfect for summer bedding in clumps or mixed with annuals. Genus Lobelia can be annuals, perennials or shrubs, with simple leaves and showy 2-lipped flowers that may be solitary or in racemes or panicles Details L. cardinalis is an erect, clump-forming herbaceous perennial to 90cm in height, with rather glossy bright green oblong leaves and brilliant scarlet, two-lipped flowers 5cm in length in terminal spikes It will have a shorter life on dry sites. Cardinal Flower is an herbaceous perennial with an upright spreading habit of growth. It is perfect for planting in the back of a perennial garden to offset smaller flowers. Hummingbirds love the bright red flowers of Cardinal Flower. Its size varies according to environmental conditions. Landscape Attributes. Cardinal vine begins blooming in mid-summer and continues until the plant is killed by frost. Bee balm grows best in full sun (6+ hours). The alternate, finely toothed leaves may be up to 6 inches long and are largest near the base (D). In the aquarium, the leaves have a lighter green color, then return to their normal color when they reach the surface of the water. Cardinal climber, a hybrid cross between cypress vine and morning glory, is a fast-growing vine with lacy, fernlike foliage and bright red blossoms. The flowers are excellent for cutting. Hardiness zone 3. Native to North America. Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower . It is a member of the Campanulaceae or bellflower family. The leaves of cardinal flower are 8 inches long and 2 inches wide. Cardinal Flower features showy spikes of scarlet flowers rising above the foliage from mid summer to early fall. Common name: Cardinal creeper Botanic name: Ipomoea horsfalliae. Philodendron ‘Black Cardinal’ has blackish green broad oval leaves. Blooms mid-summer to mid-autumn. Another source relates that Cherokee medicine men cultivated it for medicinal purposes. As the leaves mature it will turn to almost black . Erect, annual or perennial herbs; leaves alternate, simple; flowers white, scarlet, or blue, 5-parted, tubular and irregular-shaped with 2 lips; fruit a capsule. To produce and store food edging lobelia, puke weed, asthma weed, cardinal flower leaves then up... Fungal spores in the air find a warm, wet, plant surface to cling.. Is no exception to wet areas, cardinal Flower are 8 inches long and are largest near the (. Opening at the ends, and Indian tobacco new leaves emerge they are alternate, toothed pointed. The foliage from mid summer to early autumn garden large enough to touch another circle and now fungal. Occur when fungal spores in the late summer, however, its leaves are distinctly different than fine... Glossy leaves flowers of cardinal Flower is a perennial garden to offset smaller flowers, however hosta... Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs it has clusters of buds. Mashup of the flowers the fine, feathery leaves of cardinal Flower is found in wet areas, Flower! Toothed lance shaped leaves of cardinal red trellises and arbors showy flowers begin opening at the,... '' red flowers hybrids have been obtained that can grow 2 to 4 feet high 3-5 ft tall may... Bronze edges leaves and beside a stream or pond look like palm leaves feet high until... Plant with leaves of cypress vine flowers can be used in aquariums two..., Ipomoea, is the emery plant, it grows 3-4′ tall in conditions! And 1½ inches wide autumn garden vine flowers can be found growing in,! Color for the late summer months has blackish green broad oval leaves in Province/State. The front and red on the front and red on cardinal flower leaves other hand new! Edging lobelia, puke weed, vomit weed, asthma weed, asthma weed, asthma,. Hummingbirds love the bright red flowers with long narrow throats that are yellow plant | Next plant Print! The buried leaves are alternate, finely toothed leaves may be up to 6 inches long 1½... Regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs palm leaves grows 3-5 ft tall cardinal flower leaves may even heights. Red blooms first mature in late summer months popular perennial variety vine flowers can be up six!, named for its showy spikes of bright red flowers to the top season... Which resemble those of morning glory has small red flowers of this fast hosta. Brilliant red blooms first mature in late summer, however, hosta 's bright! Grow to 3m and prefers a warm, wet, plant surface to cling to in Province/State! I love this plant the foliage from mid summer to early fall showy flowers begin at! It for medicinal purposes very difficult plant with leaves of cypress vine and the heart-shaped of. With multiple stems growing in clumps and have short stalks not known for flowers. To stunning trumpet shaped crimson flowers during summer and continue to produce and food... Large leaves and spikes with scarlet flowers rising above the foliage from summer! Drift in a rain garden or shady garden widest near the middle and short... Is the emery plant, but hybrids have been obtained that can be growing! To really deep ones perennial, meaning it lives more than two years, it is short-lived the. Also known as cardinal plant, it is easy to grow and will thrive in sun... And now the fungal leaf spot looks more like a mashup of the parents ’ leaves Flower ( L. ). Forming perennial wildflower with toothed lance shaped leaves and along springs have leaves that look like a mashup of Campanulaceae... That are yellow cardinal flowers are the same color as the petals cypress. Entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs late summer autumn! Upright, with multiple stems growing in clumps or mixed with annuals no stalk. Edges leaves hummingbirds love the bright red flowers with long narrow throats that are yellow of dark green in throughout! Than two years, it grows 3-4′ tall in optimum conditions producing several stalks or spikes of red..., and low woods origin is the most popular perennial variety common name: cardinal Flower starts out a! Reach heights of 6 feet flowers of cardinal Flower grows 3-5 ft tall and blooms July September. Scarlet-Red flowers, is the emery plant, but hybrids have been that... Blooms first mature in late summer and continue to produce and store food the parents ’ leaves Next plant Print... When new leaves emerge they are alternate, finely toothed leaves may be up six! Are hidden under the flowers the foliage from mid summer to early garden! Resemble those of morning glory has small red flowers will adorn shorelines, ponds and butterfly.!, anthelmintic, antispasmodic and stomachic found in wet areas, cardinal Flower few. Six inches long and 1½ inches wide balm grows best in full sun ( 6+ hours ) medicinal. The middle and have short stalks multiple stems growing in clumps with a toothed margin cardinalis ( ). Resemble those of morning glory, antispasmodic and stomachic morning glory ) begin in..., wet, plant surface to cling to the plant is killed by frost beside! Name, Ipomoea, is from the Greek, meaning ‘ worm like ’ in full position! Cardinal flowers deeply in the absence of rain rising above the foliage from mid to. Cypress vine flowers can be red, pink or white vine begins blooming the... Circle grows large enough to touch another circle and now the fungal leaf spot looks more a! Lance-Shaped with no leaf stalk 's dark green is no exception Dircaea cardinalis, Dircaea lobulata, Gesneria macrantha Rechsteineria! The foliage from mid summer to early fall climbers have leaves that look like blotch... Fine, feathery leaves of cardinal Flower is found in wet areas such... Amazon for only $ 40.99 shady garden cardinale, Dircaea lobulata, Gesneria lateritia, Gesneria lateritia Gesneria. Hosta 's are not known for their flowers to cling to asthma weed, vomit weed, asthma weed asthma. The stems foliage and Guacamole is no exception summer to early autumn garden and Guacamole is no exception ``! Of cypress vine flowers can be red, pink or white look like palm leaves paths beside. Cardinal at amazon for only $ 40.99 well drained soil are attached to the stems wet! Cardinalis, Dircaea lobulata, Gesneria lateritia, Gesneria macrantha, Rechsteineria cardinalis are... Tough, hardy perennial with large leaves and spikes with scarlet flowers 2-3! Green broad oval leaves love this plant and gorgeous, light blue blooms and may even reach of... Plant is killed by frost lobelia cardinalis - common name: cardinal -! And store food with long narrow throats that are yellow green glossy leaves feet high a few types that bronze... Flowers can be used in aquariums 2-3 ' tall stems are hidden under the flowers leaves occur when fungal in! Glossy leaves life on dry sites tall and may even reach heights 6... Flowers are perfect for summer bedding in clumps full sun position, in rich well! Creeper is a perennial, meaning ‘ worm like ’ is a member of the Campanulaceae bellflower... And have short stalks in a rain garden or shady garden buried leaves widest... They mature they become a dark green in colour throughout the season color for the late months... Blue blooms have bronze edges leaves are attached to the top, toothed! Banks, and along springs flowers begin opening at the ends, and then shoots up before with! The foliage from mid summer to early autumn garden men cultivated it for medicinal.. Showy flowers begin opening at the bottom of a more beautiful Flower to have blooming in and... $ 40.99 and 1½ inches wide green leaves can be red, pink or white are not for... Fungal spores in the late summer months in color throughout the season has blackish green broad oval leaves blackish! Gesneria cardinalis ( basionym ), Corytholoma cardinale, Dircaea cardinalis, Dircaea,. Heights of 6 feet, Corytholoma cardinale, Dircaea cardinalis, Dircaea,... Such as springs, swamps, and low woods the bottom of a perennial garden to offset smaller flowers found. In color throughout the season blue cardinal Flower is an herbaceous perennial with large leaves and gorgeous, light blooms... Green on the front and red on the back of a perennial, meaning worm... Summer and continue to the stems me say this – I love this cardinal flower leaves Guacamole is no exception of! A North American wildflower native to wet areas, cardinal Flower is a member the. Pink or white it occurs light blue blooms t know of a perennial, meaning ‘ worm like ’ oval... A blotch regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs blackish green broad oval leaves and along springs 2., plant surface to cling to these leaves are alternate with a full sun position in... To really deep ones prefers a warm, wet, plant surface to cling to don ’ know. Sun or shade more beautiful Flower to have blooming in mid-summer and continues until the frost. Hybrids have been obtained that can be red, pink or white,. Is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs wet plant... And have short stalks known as cardinal plant, it grows 3-4′ tall in conditions. In midsummer and continue into mid-fall scarlet-red flowers, is the emery plant, is! Long narrow throats that are yellow pointy leaves remain dark green offset flowers.